Policies, Institutions and Markets
When policies, institutions, and markets fail, key public goods and services are undersupplied, incentives are biased against agriculture, consumers pay too much for food, and relationships that create wealth are ruptured. The Policies, Institutions and Markets research program generates knowledge on how these three areas can be improved to help smallholder farmers and poor consumers live better lives.
Cross-posted from CCAFS
A recent workshop sought solutions to index insurance challenges
If the rains fail, a farmer can lose everything. With even the chance of a bad year, investing in new crop varieties and technologies might be too risky. Year after year, she’s caught in the trap of low production.
Weather index-based insurance emerged at the beginning of the 21st century as a new tool to help change this story. The innovative insurance scheme aims to arm farmers against climate uncertainty where traditional crop insurance isn’t viable.
With this promise, researchers within the CGIAR agricultural research partnership want to find out how this tool can enable farmers to try out new seeds and production technologies that might help secure their food supply in a changing climate.
The CGIAR Research Programs on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM) brought together experts from across the CGIAR research partnership at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in Washington, DC 20-22 January, 2014 to tackle this question, and build new collaborations towards answering it. read more...
Cross-posted from Consortium News
Women farmers are crucial to agricultural production, especially in the small-scale sector. Figures show that they make up to half of the agricultural workforce in some developing countries, but often face unequal access to resources, such as land and technologies.
Yet although the issue of the skewed gender bias in agriculture has been widely reported, the picture might not be quite as simple as it seems – a factor that has major implications for designing effective strategies.
“While gender issues are well-recognized, how to address them is not well understood,” said Karen Brooks, Director of the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM).
Scarcity of gender-focused research has emerged as a common challenge for most CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs) and work is under way in many of them to develop new tools and strategies, so that scientists can understand and cater to the different implications of CGIAR innovations for the welfare of rural women and men. read more...
PIM is happy to invite all interested parties to attend or join virtually to our first brownbag seminar this year dedicated to the Youth Employment in Sub-Saharan Africa. The seminar will take place at 12.00 pm on 27 February at IFPRI.
The World Bank has recently issued a report on this topic, and we are inviting you to meet the authors and brainstorm some of the work on youth employment that we can include in the 2015-16 PIM portfolio.
Frank Byamugisha, the author of “Securing Africa's Land for Shared Prosperity: A Program to Scale Up Reforms and Investments” will also join our discussion to offer perspective on improving access to land for young people. read more...
This summary is based on the blog story by Suresh Babu originally written for FARMD (Forum for Agricultural Risk Management in Development).
Suresh Babu is Leader for the PIM Cluster on ‘Capacity strengthening’ (Cluster 8.3), and represents PIM in the Consortium Capacity Working Group.
Are there good models of agricultural extension services that could be successfully replicated in a new context? This is a question that policy makers often ask when seeking to improve their extension systems to reach smallholders more effectively. This involves meeting the real informational needs of farmers, delivering the services more efficiently, and measuring the impact of the new knowledge on productivity.
Those involved in extension face the fundamental factors that affect success of development programs generally, as well as some specific to extension.
In our recent paper (Babu et al, 2013), we explore these issues by comparing how the national extension policy is implemented differently in four states in India, and the reasons for this variation.
The second meeting of International Organizations (IOs) and experts interested in collaboration on measuring the agricultural policy environment took place in Paris at OECD headquarters, on December 13th, 2013, co-convened by OECD and the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM).
The goal of the initiative which was officially launched during the first meeting in June, 2013, is to create a common platform for harmonization of approaches and coordination of activities of various stakeholders in the field of measuring agricultural policies around the world.
On 16 January, Ambassadors and representatives from Arab countries, researchers, and development partners will gather in Rome, Italy to discuss how the Arab region can work to reduce the impact of crises like conflict, natural disasters and global spikes in food prices, especially on the rural poor.
Organized by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), and the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM), the workshop, titled “Enhancing Resilience to conflict in Arab countries through research and Arab Spatial 2.0”, will examine ways in which policymakers and development agencies can collaborate to improve the lives of people in the region. The workshop itself is part of a three-year research project, “Reducing Vulnerability to Conflict in the MENA Region”, conducted jointly by IFAD, IFPRI, and PIM to promote innovative approaches and gain insights into rural poverty in conflict areas.
The workshop held over 3-4 December on the BioSight project was attended by over 40 participants from a range of CGIAR centers, Universities and Advanced Research Institutes – modeling experts in the areas of agricultural production and markets, land use, environmental quality and crop production systems, as well as experts in institutions and governance of natural resource systems. This event focused on the key issues and recent findings around the environmental and socio-economic implications of sustainable agricultural intensification.
The BioSight project, read more...
Cross-posted on the A4NH website
How can research generate policy-relevant evidence? How can we increase the likelihood that evidence is used effectively by decision-makers? How can researchers ensure that research serves as a “catalyst” to boost the effectiveness of policies and programs?
From November 18-20th, a group of more than 50 policy experts, researchers, and practitioners from the agriculture, natural resource management, nutrition, and health sectors convened at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in Washington, DC to try and answer some of these tough questions during the “Workshop on Approaches and Methods for Policy Process Research. This event was co-sponsored by the CGIAR Research Programs on Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM) and Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH), both led by IFPRI. read more...
Since 1998, the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP), coordinated by the Center for Global Trade Analysis at Purdue University, has organized an annual conference to promote the exchange of ideas among economists conducting quantitative analysis of global economic issues. In June 2014, the 17th Annual Conference will be co-organized by AGRODEP and held in Dakar, Senegal. This will mark the first time that the Annual Conference is hosted in West Africa, providing an important opportunity for local African researchers to engage with high-level academics and economists from around the world.
The 2014 Conference, which will receive funding from PIM, read more...
Neglected and underutilized species (NUS) are those to which little attention is paid or which are entirely ignored by agricultural researchers, plant breeders and policymakers. Typically, NUS are not traded as commodities. Many of these varieties and species, along with a wealth of traditional knowledge about their cultivation and use, are being lost at an alarming rate. This loss deprives the world of strategic resources to fight poverty, hunger, and malnutrition. The adaptation of NUS to climate change is also an important ally in global efforts to build more resilient agricultural production systems.
A new booklet published by Bioversity International with PIM support, "Fighting poverty, hunger and malnutrition with NUS" (Padulosi et al., 2013), offers a strategic vision for enhancing the use of NUS, together with suggested actions for facilitating mainstreaming and up-scaling of best practices for moving the NUS Agenda forward at both national and international level.