Policies, Institutions and Markets
When policies, institutions, and markets fail, key public goods and services are undersupplied, incentives are biased against agriculture, consumers pay too much for food, and relationships that create wealth are ruptured. The Policies, Institutions and Markets research program generates knowledge on how these three areas can be improved to help smallholder farmers and poor consumers live better lives.
Cross-posted on the A4NH website
How can research generate policy-relevant evidence? How can we increase the likelihood that evidence is used effectively by decision-makers? How can researchers ensure that research serves as a “catalyst” to boost the effectiveness of policies and programs?
From November 18-20th, a group of more than 50 policy experts, researchers, and practitioners from the agriculture, natural resource management, nutrition, and health sectors convened at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in Washington, DC to try and answer some of these tough questions during the “Workshop on Approaches and Methods for Policy Process Research. This event was co-sponsored by the CGIAR Research Programs on Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM) and Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH), both led by IFPRI. read more...
Since 1998, the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP), coordinated by the Center for Global Trade Analysis at Purdue University, has organized an annual conference to promote the exchange of ideas among economists conducting quantitative analysis of global economic issues. In June 2014, the 17th Annual Conference will be co-organized by AGRODEP and held in Dakar, Senegal. This will mark the first time that the Annual Conference is hosted in West Africa, providing an important opportunity for local African researchers to engage with high-level academics and economists from around the world.
The 2014 Conference, which will receive funding from PIM, read more...
Neglected and underutilized species (NUS) are those to which little attention is paid or which are entirely ignored by agricultural researchers, plant breeders and policymakers. Typically, NUS are not traded as commodities. Many of these varieties and species, along with a wealth of traditional knowledge about their cultivation and use, are being lost at an alarming rate. This loss deprives the world of strategic resources to fight poverty, hunger, and malnutrition. The adaptation of NUS to climate change is also an important ally in global efforts to build more resilient agricultural production systems.
A new booklet published by Bioversity International with PIM support, "Fighting poverty, hunger and malnutrition with NUS" (Padulosi et al., 2013), offers a strategic vision for enhancing the use of NUS, together with suggested actions for facilitating mainstreaming and up-scaling of best practices for moving the NUS Agenda forward at both national and international level.
Traditional crops can play a more prominent role in African countries’ quests for food and nutritional security, agricultural sustainability and adaptation to climate change. Yet, to ensure that research on neglected and underutilized species (NUS) is demand-oriented and that results are better shared and applied, researchers, extension agents, the private sector and farmers must engage in more collaboration. Supportive policy frameworks are required at national, regional and global levels to promote neglected and underutilized species in science, education, extension and commerce.
These are the key points which emerged from the panel discussion that concluded the 3rd International Conference on Neglected and Underutilized Species - for a Food-Secure Africa (NUS 2013), held in Accra, Ghana from 25 to 27 September, 2013. read more...
The conference on Mainstreaming Livestock Value Chains: Bridging the Research Gap between Household Analysis and Policy Modeling was held in Accra, Ghana on 5-6 November 2013. The main objective of the conference was to address gaps in the design and application of analytical tools for livestock policy and impact analysis. More specifically, the conference aimed to:
- Establish strong and functional linkages between livestock value chain and impact analysis on the one hand, and sectoral, general equilibrium, and other economic modeling on the other;
- Identify and advocate pro-poor livestock policy options emerging from the analysis. read more...
PIM organized a workshop titled “Research on Agricultural Extension Systems: What Have We Learned, and Where Do We Go From Here?” held at IFPRI on October 15-16, 2013. Approximately 35 participants from CGIAR, universities, multilateral agencies, NGOs, regional networks, private sector, and donor organizations attended the event. The aim of the workshop was to identify areas in which PIM could contribute to innovative work on the changing functions and modalities of extension in light of present and future agricultural challenges. read more...
The PIM Science and Policy Advisory Panel (SPAP) met in Washington DC on October 23-24, 2013. Panel members attending included Hartwig de Haen (University of Göttingen), Lidinwe Sibanda (FANRPAN), Sukhadeo Thorat (Jawaharlal Nehru University and Indian Council for Social Science Research), and Alberto Valdes (Universidad Catolica de Chile). Christopher Barrett (Cornell University), Jikun Huang (Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences), and Johan Swinnen (University of Leuven) sent regrets, and will provide input separately. The role of the SPAP is to provide the PIM management team and the Lead Center (IFPRI) Director General with strategic guidance to ensure that the program achieves its goals.
During the meeting the participants heard presentations from PIM’s research leaders about early results from PIM’s portfolio. Several examples of impact of PIM’s policy research were featured, from enabling African governments to establish biosafety regulatory systems, to influencing the European biofuel policy through evidence from CGE modeling.
Partnerships, both with CGIAR centers and with non-CGIAR partners, were at the center of discussions.
Panel members commended the ambitious scope of the program, the quality of the research, and the way in which attention to gender is integrated across all seven of PIM’s “flagship projects”. The SPAP provided a set of recommendations pertaining to the program monitoring and evaluation, emerging topics to include in the next phase, as well as relationships with key partners. There was a consensus on the need to continue and enhance PIM’s contribution to strengthening the capacity of developing country institutions.
The PIM management team will take these recommendations into consideration in setting priorities for 2014 and 2015, and in preparation of the second phase of the program.
By the middle of this century, more than 9 billion people will need healthy and nutritious food. Agricultural systems will require new knowledge, new investment, and flexibility to adapt quickly to change. The ability to attract investment into agriculture, to deploy it well, and to redeploy it rapidly depends critically on the policies, institutions, and markets that underpin the food system. This is the domain of PIM. PIM's policy research is essential for the success of CGIAR’s broader effort to reduce poverty, increase food security, improve nutrition and health, and manage natural resources better.
This report highlights some of the most notable achievements and new directions of the program during its first eighteen months of operations. We invite you to learn more about PIM's contribution to policy research for a food secure future by downloading the report from the IFPRI website here.
What is your role within PIM?
As PIM’s Senior Research Assistant focusing on gender, I will serve as a resource for improving gender analyses within the PIM portfolio and help incorporate a gender perspective into projects that are currently gender neutral. I will also contribute to PIM strategic gender research in coordination with an experienced cadre of gender specialists including Cheryl Doss, Gender Lead for PIM, Ruth Meinzen-Dick, and Agnes Quisumbing. This research will help develop guidelines to improve sex-disaggregated data collection and ultimately shape policies that increase agricultural production and gender equality.
The CGIAR website features work being done by Bioversity International and partners through the CGIAR Program on Policies, Institutions and Markets on linking Latin American smallholder producers of native chilies to markets, thereby giving them the opportunity to increase their income. Fore more information see: http://www.cgiar.org/consortium-news/partnership-for-impact-reducing-poverty-by-warming-chili-markets/